Defining the Role of Virtual Asset Service Providers in Mauritius

In a landmark move to regulate and provide clarity to the burgeoning virtual asset and blockchain industry, the Parliament of Mauritius enacted the Virtual Asset and Initial Token Offerings Services Act 2021.

Central to this legislation is the definition of a “virtual asset service provider,” marking a pivotal step in delineating the activities falling within the regulatory ambit.

This article explores the Act’s provisions and sheds light on the role and responsibilities of virtual asset service providers.

Defining a Virtual Asset Service Provider

The Act categorizes a “virtual asset service provider” as a person conducting one or more of the following activities or operations for, or on behalf of, another person:

Exchange between Virtual Assets and Fiat Currencies

Facilitating the conversion of virtual assets to fiat currencies or vice versa is a key function of a virtual asset service provider, providing users with a bridge between the digital and traditional financial realms.

Exchange between Forms of Virtual Assets

Engaging in the exchange between different types of virtual assets, reflecting the diverse landscape of digital currencies and tokens.

Transfer of Virtual Assets

Enabling the seamless transfer of virtual assets, ensuring secure and efficient transactions within the blockchain ecosystem.

Safekeeping of Virtual Assets

Providing safekeeping services for virtual assets or instruments that grant control over these assets, emphasizing the importance of secure storage in the digital environment.

Administration of Virtual Assets

Undertaking administrative functions related to virtual assets or instruments, contributing to the operational aspects of managing digital assets.

Financial Services Related to Virtual Asset Offerings

Participating in and offering financial services related to the issuance and sale of virtual assets by an issuer. This includes involvement in initial token offerings (ITOs), reflecting the Act’s comprehensive coverage.

Regulatory Framework and Compliance

The inclusion of these activities under the definition of a virtual asset service provider sets the stage for a robust regulatory framework. Compliance with the Act is crucial for entities involved in these activities, ensuring adherence to standards that safeguard the interests of both service providers and users.

Fostering a Secure and Transparent Ecosystem

By clearly defining the scope of virtual asset service providers, the Act aims to foster a secure and transparent ecosystem for digital financial activities. This regulatory clarity not only protects investors and users but also encourages innovation within the virtual asset space.


Mauritius, with the enactment of the Virtual Asset and Initial Token Offerings Services Act 2021, has positioned itself as a trailblazer in the global regulation of virtual assets. The Act’s meticulous definition of a virtual asset service provider provides a foundation for a regulated and responsible industry, ensuring that the digital financial landscape continues to evolve within a framework that balances innovation with investor protection. As the virtual asset space continues to expand, Mauritius’ proactive approach sets a precedent for other jurisdictions seeking to navigate the complexities of the digital financial revolution.