Capital Markets (Amendment) Bill, 2022: Navigating Blockchain Compliance and Regulations in Kenya

Kenya’s journey into the realm of crypto assets and blockchain technology is marked by significant legal and regulatory developments. The Capital Markets (Amendment) Bill, 2022, introduced by Mosop MP Abraham Kirwa, is set to reshape the landscape by introducing taxation, oversight, and comprehensive regulations for digital assets.

In this article, we will delve into the implications of this groundbreaking bill and its potential to bring cryptocurrencies into the mainstream while protecting investors and enhancing financial transparency.

Taxation and Oversight

The Capital Markets (Amendment) Bill, 2022, is a pivotal piece of legislation that introduces taxation to the crypto assets landscape in Kenya. Under this bill, various aspects of the crypto market will be subject to taxation, including digital assets exchanges, digital wallets, and crypto transactions. Crypto assets investors will need to pay capital gains tax to the Kenya Revenue Authority when they sell or use cryptocurrencies.

This bill also mandates that investors disclose their cryptocurrency holdings to the Capital Markets Authority (CMA), Kenya’s financial regulator. By requiring transparency, the government aims to better monitor and regulate cryptocurrency activities.

Significant Crypto Holdings

Kenya’s cryptocurrency market has grown exponentially, with the public holding approximately Kshs. 163 billion in accumulated Bitcoin holdings. This represents a substantial portion of Kenya’s GDP, highlighting the importance of regulating this sector to protect investors and the financial system as a whole.

Specific Provisions in the Bill

The Capital Markets (Amendment) Bill, 2022, aims to provide a comprehensive framework for regulating digital currency transactions. Key provisions include:

  • Taxation and Reporting: Individuals who own or trade in digital currencies are required to provide specific information to the CMA for tax purposes. This includes details on the amount of virtual currency in Kenyan Shillings (KES), the type of currency transacted, and transaction dates.
  • Record-keeping: Traders in digital currencies must maintain detailed records of their transactions, including purchases and sales, and pay taxes on any gains in accordance with applicable laws.
  • Licensing: Within six months of the bill’s enactment, individuals involved in digital currency trading must apply for a license from the CMA.
  • Centralized Register: The CMA will establish a centralized electronic register to track all digital currency transactions in Kenya, enhancing oversight and transparency.
  • Protection and Amendment: The bill aims to protect Kenyan citizens from the risks associated with unregulated crypto assets trading. It also proposes amendments to the Capital Markets Act to include digital currency within the definition of securities.
  • Promotion of Innovation: The proposed changes to the CMA Act are designed to encourage citizen participation in a decentralized financial system that leverages smart contracts and connects Kenyans to global markets.


The Capital Markets (Amendment) Bill, 2022, represents a significant step in the evolution of Kenya’s approach to blockchain and cryptocurrencies. By introducing taxation, oversight, and comprehensive regulations, the government seeks to harness the potential of digital assets while safeguarding investors and the financial system. It is evident that the proposed bill and the UN’s recommendations reflect a commitment to balancing innovation and regulation in the dynamic world of cryptocurrencies. As Kenya moves forward, it is essential to maintain a forward-looking and innovative approach to stay ahead of the ever-evolving cryptocurrency ecosystem.