Decoding the Virtual Token Landscape: Insights from the Virtual Assets Act 2022 of Botswana

In the realm of digital finance, the term “virtual token” holds paramount importance as defined by the Virtual Assets Act 2022 of Botswana. Let’s embark on an insightful journey into the nuanced components of this definition:

Virtual Token:

Inclusivity Defined:

The term “virtual token” encompasses a diverse array of digital representations of value. It is an umbrella term that includes:

(a) Virtual Currency Token:

  • Virtual Currency Token: A digital representation of value designed for digital trading, serving as a medium of exchange, unit of account, or store of value.

(b) Asset Token:

  • Asset Token: A token intended to represent a claim against the issuer, embedded with underlying assets, and deriving its value from or secured by tangible or intangible assets.

(c) Non-Fungible Token (NFT):

  • Non-Fungible Token (NFT): A unique digital token created for specific applications, indivisible, and non-interchangeable with other virtual tokens. Notably, NFTs are not traded in secondary markets.

(d) Designated Digital Representations:

  • Any Other Digital Representation: This category remains dynamic, subject to the designation by the Regulatory Authority. The authority holds the prerogative to identify and designate additional digital representations of value as virtual tokens within the purview of the Act.

Regulatory Authority’s Role:

The Regulatory Authority plays a pivotal role in defining the scope of virtual tokens. Its designation of additional digital representations ensures flexibility and adaptability to the evolving landscape of virtual finance.


Understanding the breadth of the term “virtual token” is crucial as it acknowledges the diversity and innovation inherent in the digital asset space. This inclusivity ensures that the regulatory framework remains robust and can accommodate emerging forms of digital value representation.


As Botswana positions itself within the dynamic sphere of virtual assets, the definition of “virtual token” serves as a comprehensive framework. It encapsulates various facets of digital finance, providing clarity while remaining adaptable to technological advancements and novel forms of digital representation.