Unveiling the Meaning of “Fiat Currency” in Botswana’s Virtual Assets Act 2022

Within the legislative framework of Botswana’s Virtual Assets Act 2022, certain terms play a pivotal role in shaping the regulatory landscape. One such term, “fiat currency,” holds significance in understanding the context of virtual assets and their legal status. This article aims to elucidate the definition of fiat currency as outlined in the Act.

Defining “Fiat Currency”:

  1. Issued by the Central Bank:
    • In the context of Botswana’s Virtual Assets Act, “fiat currency” encompasses notes, coins, or tokens that are officially issued into circulation by the Central Bank. This definition aligns with the authoritative role of the Central Bank in controlling and managing the country’s monetary system.
  2. Legal Tender Designation:
    • Furthermore, fiat currency includes notes, coins, or money of another jurisdiction designated as legal tender by the government of that respective jurisdiction. Legal tender status implies that the currency is recognized by the government as an official medium of exchange for goods and services, debts, and other financial transactions.

Understanding the Components:

a. Notes, Coins, or Tokens Issued by the Central Bank: – This component refers to physical representations of fiat currency, such as paper notes, metal coins, or tokens that hold monetary value. These are issued and regulated by the Central Bank in accordance with the Bank of Botswana Act.

b. Designation by Foreign Governments: – The definition acknowledges that fiat currency isn’t confined to the national currency of Botswana. It extends to include notes, coins, or money from other jurisdictions, emphasizing the importance of recognizing legal tender status as determined by the respective foreign governments.

Implications for the Virtual Asset Landscape:

Understanding the definition of fiat currency is crucial within the context of virtual assets, especially as they interact with traditional financial systems. As Botswana navigates the dynamic landscape of virtual assets, the inclusion of fiat currency in the regulatory framework ensures a comprehensive understanding of the legal and monetary contexts in which these assets operate.


The definition of “fiat currency” in Botswana’s Virtual Assets Act 2022 provides clarity on the legal and regulatory considerations surrounding traditional currency within the virtual asset ecosystem. By acknowledging the roles of the Central Bank and foreign governments, the Act establishes a foundation for coherent and effective regulation in the evolving landscape of virtual assets in Botswana.